File opening revisited
[akaros.git] / kern / src / syscall.c
index 3a372f3..19cb653 100644 (file)
 #endif
 
 #include <ros/common.h>
+#include <ros/notification.h>
 #include <arch/types.h>
 #include <arch/arch.h>
 #include <arch/mmu.h>
 #include <arch/console.h>
 #include <ros/timer.h>
-#include <ros/error.h>
+#include <error.h>
 
+#include <elf.h>
 #include <string.h>
 #include <assert.h>
 #include <process.h>
 #include <schedule.h>
 #include <pmap.h>
+#include <umem.h>
 #include <mm.h>
 #include <trap.h>
 #include <syscall.h>
 #include <kmalloc.h>
 #include <stdio.h>
 #include <resource.h>
+#include <frontend.h>
 #include <colored_caches.h>
 #include <arch/bitmask.h>
 #include <kfs.h> // eventually replace this with vfs.h
 
-#ifdef __sparc_v8__
-#include <arch/frontend.h>
-#endif 
 
-#ifdef __NETWORK__
+#ifdef __CONFIG_NETWORKING__
 #include <arch/nic_common.h>
-extern char *CT(PACKET_HEADER_SIZE + len) (*packet_wrap)(const char *CT(len) data, size_t len);
 extern int (*send_frame)(const char *CT(len) data, size_t len);
+extern unsigned char device_mac[6];
 #endif
 
-//Do absolutely nothing.  Used for profiling.
-static void sys_null(void)
+/* Tracing Globals */
+int systrace_flags = 0;
+struct systrace_record *systrace_buffer = 0;
+unsigned int systrace_bufidx = 0;
+size_t systrace_bufsize = 0;
+struct proc *systrace_procs[MAX_NUM_TRACED] = {0};
+spinlock_t systrace_lock = SPINLOCK_INITIALIZER;
+
+/* Not enforcing the packing of systrace_procs yet, but don't rely on that */
+static bool proc_is_traced(struct proc *p)
 {
-       return;
+       for (int i = 0; i < MAX_NUM_TRACED; i++)
+               if (systrace_procs[i] == p)
+                       return true;
+       return false;
 }
 
-//Write a buffer over the serial port
-static ssize_t sys_serial_write(env_t* e, const char *DANGEROUS buf, size_t len)
+/************** Utility Syscalls **************/
+
+static int sys_null(void)
 {
-       if (len == 0)
-               return 0;
-       #ifdef SERIAL_IO
-               char *COUNT(len) _buf = user_mem_assert(e, buf, len, PTE_USER_RO);
-               for(int i =0; i<len; i++)
-                       serial_send_byte(buf[i]);
-               return (ssize_t)len;
-       #else
-               return -EINVAL;
-       #endif
+       return 0;
 }
 
-//Read a buffer over the serial port
-static ssize_t sys_serial_read(env_t* e, char *DANGEROUS _buf, size_t len)
-{
-       if (len == 0)
-               return 0;
+// Writes 'val' to 'num_writes' entries of the well-known array in the kernel
+// address space.  It's just #defined to be some random 4MB chunk (which ought
+// to be boot_alloced or something).  Meant to grab exclusive access to cache
+// lines, to simulate doing something useful.
+static int sys_cache_buster(struct proc *p, uint32_t num_writes,
+                             uint32_t num_pages, uint32_t flags)
+{ TRUSTEDBLOCK /* zra: this is not really part of the kernel */
+       #define BUSTER_ADDR             0xd0000000  // around 512 MB deep
+       #define MAX_WRITES              1048576*8
+       #define MAX_PAGES               32
+       #define INSERT_ADDR     (UINFO + 2*PGSIZE) // should be free for these tests
+       uint32_t* buster = (uint32_t*)BUSTER_ADDR;
+       static spinlock_t buster_lock = SPINLOCK_INITIALIZER;
+       uint64_t ticks = -1;
+       page_t* a_page[MAX_PAGES];
 
-       #ifdef SERIAL_IO
-           char *COUNT(len) buf = user_mem_assert(e, _buf, len, PTE_USER_RO);
-               size_t bytes_read = 0;
-               int c;
-               while((c = serial_read_byte()) != -1) {
-                       buf[bytes_read++] = (uint8_t)c;
-                       if(bytes_read == len) break;
+       /* Strided Accesses or Not (adjust to step by cachelines) */
+       uint32_t stride = 1;
+       if (flags & BUSTER_STRIDED) {
+               stride = 16;
+               num_writes *= 16;
+       }
+
+       /* Shared Accesses or Not (adjust to use per-core regions)
+        * Careful, since this gives 8MB to each core, starting around 512MB.
+        * Also, doesn't separate memory for core 0 if it's an async call.
+        */
+       if (!(flags & BUSTER_SHARED))
+               buster = (uint32_t*)(BUSTER_ADDR + core_id() * 0x00800000);
+
+       /* Start the timer, if we're asked to print this info*/
+       if (flags & BUSTER_PRINT_TICKS)
+               ticks = start_timing();
+
+       /* Allocate num_pages (up to MAX_PAGES), to simulate doing some more
+        * realistic work.  Note we don't write to these pages, even if we pick
+        * unshared.  Mostly due to the inconvenience of having to match up the
+        * number of pages with the number of writes.  And it's unnecessary.
+        */
+       if (num_pages) {
+               spin_lock(&buster_lock);
+               for (int i = 0; i < MIN(num_pages, MAX_PAGES); i++) {
+                       upage_alloc(p, &a_page[i],1);
+                       page_insert(p->env_pgdir, a_page[i], (void*)INSERT_ADDR + PGSIZE*i,
+                                   PTE_USER_RW);
                }
-               return (ssize_t)bytes_read;
-       #else
-               return -EINVAL;
+               spin_unlock(&buster_lock);
+       }
+
+       if (flags & BUSTER_LOCKED)
+               spin_lock(&buster_lock);
+       for (int i = 0; i < MIN(num_writes, MAX_WRITES); i=i+stride)
+               buster[i] = 0xdeadbeef;
+       if (flags & BUSTER_LOCKED)
+               spin_unlock(&buster_lock);
+
+       if (num_pages) {
+               spin_lock(&buster_lock);
+               for (int i = 0; i < MIN(num_pages, MAX_PAGES); i++) {
+                       page_remove(p->env_pgdir, (void*)(INSERT_ADDR + PGSIZE * i));
+                       page_decref(a_page[i]);
+               }
+               spin_unlock(&buster_lock);
+       }
+
+       /* Print info */
+       if (flags & BUSTER_PRINT_TICKS) {
+               ticks = stop_timing(ticks);
+               printk("%llu,", ticks);
+       }
+       return 0;
+}
+
+static int sys_cache_invalidate(void)
+{
+       #ifdef __i386__
+               wbinvd();
        #endif
+       return 0;
 }
 
-//
-/* START OF REMOTE SYSTEMCALL SUPPORT SYSCALLS. THESE WILL GO AWAY AS THINGS MATURE */
-//
+/* sys_reboot(): called directly from dispatch table. */
+
+// Print a string to the system console.
+// The string is exactly 'len' characters long.
+// Destroys the environment on memory errors.
+static ssize_t sys_cputs(env_t* e, const char *DANGEROUS s, size_t len)
+{
+       // Check that the user has permission to read memory [s, s+len).
+       // Destroy the environment if not.
+       char *COUNT(len) _s = user_mem_assert(e, s, len, PTE_USER_RO);
+
+       // Print the string supplied by the user.
+       printk("%.*s", len, _s);
+       return (ssize_t)len;
+}
+
+// Read a character from the system console.
+// Returns the character.
+static uint16_t sys_cgetc(env_t* e)
+{
+       uint16_t c;
+
+       // The cons_getc() primitive doesn't wait for a character,
+       // but the sys_cgetc() system call does.
+       while ((c = cons_getc()) == 0)
+               cpu_relax();
+
+       return c;
+}
+
+/* Returns the id of the cpu this syscall is executed on. */
+static uint32_t sys_getcpuid(void)
+{
+       return core_id();
+}
+
+// TODO: Temporary hack until thread-local storage is implemented on i386 and
+// this is removed from the user interface
+static size_t sys_getvcoreid(struct proc *p)
+{
+       return proc_get_vcoreid(p, core_id());
+}
+
+/************** Process management syscalls **************/
+
+/* Returns the calling process's pid */
+static pid_t sys_getpid(struct proc *p)
+{
+       return p->pid;
+}
+
+/* Creates a process from the file 'path'.  The process is not runnable by
+ * default, so it needs it's status to be changed so that the next call to
+ * schedule() will try to run it.  TODO: take args/envs from userspace. */
+static int sys_proc_create(struct proc *p, char *path, size_t path_l,
+                           struct procinfo *pi)
+{
+       int pid = 0;
+       char *t_path;
+       struct file *program;
+       struct proc *new_p;
+
+       /* Copy in the path.  Consider putting an upper bound. */
+       t_path = user_strdup_errno(p, path, path_l);
+       if (IS_ERR(t_path))
+               return -1;
+       program = do_file_open(t_path, 0, 0);
+       user_memdup_free(p, t_path);
+       if (!program)
+               return -1;                      /* presumably, errno is already set */
+       /* TODO: need to split the proc creation, since you must load after setting
+        * args/env, since auxp gets set up there. */
+       //new_p = proc_create(program, 0, 0);
+       if (proc_alloc(&new_p, current))
+               goto mid_error;
+       /* Set the argument stuff needed by glibc */
+       if (memcpy_from_user_errno(p, new_p->procinfo->argp, pi->argp,
+                                  sizeof(pi->argp)))
+               goto late_error;
+       if (memcpy_from_user_errno(p, new_p->procinfo->argbuf, pi->argbuf,
+                                  sizeof(pi->argbuf)))
+               goto late_error;
+       if (load_elf(new_p, program))
+               goto late_error;
+       kref_put(&program->f_kref);
+       pid = new_p->pid;
+       kref_put(&new_p->kref); /* give up the reference created in proc_create() */
+       return pid;
+late_error:
+       proc_destroy(new_p);
+mid_error:
+       kref_put(&program->f_kref);
+       return -1;
+}
+
+/* Makes process PID runnable.  Consider moving the functionality to process.c */
+static error_t sys_proc_run(struct proc *p, unsigned pid)
+{
+       struct proc *target = pid2proc(pid);
+       error_t retval = 0;
+
+       if (!target)
+               return -EBADPROC;
+       // note we can get interrupted here. it's not bad.
+       spin_lock(&p->proc_lock);
+       // make sure we have access and it's in the right state to be activated
+       if (!proc_controls(p, target)) {
+               kref_put(&target->kref);
+               retval = -EPERM;
+       } else if (target->state != PROC_CREATED) {
+               kref_put(&target->kref);
+               retval = -EINVAL;
+       } else {
+               __proc_set_state(target, PROC_RUNNABLE_S);
+               schedule_proc(target);
+       }
+       spin_unlock(&p->proc_lock);
+       kref_put(&target->kref);
+       return retval;
+}
+
+/* Destroy proc pid.  If this is called by the dying process, it will never
+ * return.  o/w it will return 0 on success, or an error.  Errors include:
+ * - EBADPROC: if there is no such process with pid
+ * - EPERM: if caller does not control pid */
+static error_t sys_proc_destroy(struct proc *p, pid_t pid, int exitcode)
+{
+       error_t r;
+       struct proc *p_to_die = pid2proc(pid);
+
+       if (!p_to_die) {
+               set_errno(current_tf, ESRCH);
+               return -1;
+       }
+       if (!proc_controls(p, p_to_die)) {
+               kref_put(&p_to_die->kref);
+               set_errno(current_tf, EPERM);
+               return -1;
+       }
+       if (p_to_die == p) {
+               // syscall code and pid2proc both have edible references, only need 1.
+               p->exitcode = exitcode;
+               kref_put(&p_to_die->kref);
+               printd("[PID %d] proc exiting gracefully (code %d)\n", p->pid,exitcode);
+       } else {
+               printd("[%d] destroying proc %d\n", p->pid, p_to_die->pid);
+       }
+       proc_destroy(p_to_die);
+       kref_put(&p_to_die->kref);
+       return ESUCCESS;
+}
+
+static int sys_proc_yield(struct proc *p, bool being_nice)
+{
+       proc_yield(p, being_nice);
+       return 0;
+}
 
 static ssize_t sys_fork(env_t* e)
 {
        // TODO: right now we only support fork for single-core processes
        if(e->state != PROC_RUNNING_S)
+       {
+               set_errno(current_tf,EINVAL);
                return -1;
+       }
 
-       env_t* env = proc_create(NULL,0);
+       env_t* env;
+       assert(!proc_alloc(&env, current));
        assert(env != NULL);
 
-       env->heap_bottom = e->heap_bottom;
        env->heap_top = e->heap_top;
        env->ppid = e->pid;
        env->env_tf = *current_tf;
@@ -101,38 +323,117 @@ static ssize_t sys_fork(env_t* e)
                if(GET_BITMASK_BIT(e->cache_colors_map,i))
                        cache_color_alloc(llc_cache, env->cache_colors_map);
 
-       // copy page table and page contents.
-       // TODO: does not work with mmap.  only text, heap, stack are copied.
-       for(char* va = 0; va < (char*)UTOP; va += PGSIZE)
+       duplicate_vmrs(e, env);
+
+       int copy_page(env_t* e, pte_t* pte, void* va, void* arg)
        {
-               // copy [0,heaptop] and [stackbot,utop]
-               if(va == env->heap_top)
-                       va = (char*)USTACKBOT;
+               env_t* env = (env_t*)arg;
 
-               int perms = get_va_perms(e->env_pgdir,va);
-               if(perms)
+               if(PAGE_PRESENT(*pte))
                {
                        page_t* pp;
-                       assert(upage_alloc(env,&pp,0) == 0);
-                       assert(page_insert(env->env_pgdir,pp,va,perms) == 0);
+                       if(upage_alloc(env,&pp,0))
+                               return -1;
+                       if(page_insert(env->env_pgdir,pp,va,*pte & PTE_PERM))
+                       {
+                               page_decref(pp);
+                               return -1;
+                       }
 
-                       pte_t* pte = pgdir_walk(e->env_pgdir,va,0);
-                       assert(pte);
                        pagecopy(page2kva(pp),ppn2kva(PTE2PPN(*pte)));
+               } else {
+                       assert(PAGE_PAGED_OUT(*pte));
+                       /* TODO: (SWAP) will need to either make a copy or CoW/refcnt the
+                        * backend store.  For now, this PTE will be the same as the
+                        * original PTE */
+                       panic("Swapping not supported!");
+                       pte_t* newpte = pgdir_walk(env->env_pgdir,va,1);
+                       if(!newpte)
+                               return -1;
+                       *newpte = *pte;
                }
+               return 0;
        }
 
+       // TODO: (PC) this won't work.  Needs revisiting.
+       // copy procdata and procinfo
+       memcpy(env->procdata,e->procdata,sizeof(struct procdata));
+       memcpy(env->procinfo,e->procinfo,sizeof(struct procinfo));
+       env->procinfo->pid = env->pid;
+       env->procinfo->ppid = env->ppid;
+
+       /* for now, just copy the contents of every present page in the entire
+        * address space. */
+       if (env_user_mem_walk(e, 0, UMAPTOP, &copy_page, env)) {
+               proc_destroy(env);      /* this is prob what you want, not decref by 2 */
+               set_errno(current_tf,ENOMEM);
+               return -1;
+       }
+       
+       /* TODO: copy all open files, except O_CLOEXEC */
+
        __proc_set_state(env, PROC_RUNNABLE_S);
        schedule_proc(env);
 
        // don't decref the new process.
        // that will happen when the parent waits for it.
+       // TODO: if the parent doesn't wait, we need to change the child's parent
+       // when the parent dies, or at least decref it
 
        printd("[PID %d] fork PID %d\n",e->pid,env->pid);
 
        return env->pid;
 }
 
+/* Load the binary "path" into the current process, and start executing it.
+ * argv and envp are magically bundled in procinfo for now.  Keep in sync with
+ * glibc's sysdeps/ros/execve.c */
+static int sys_exec(struct proc *p, char *path, size_t path_l,
+                    struct procinfo *pi)
+{
+       int ret = -1;
+       char *t_path;
+       struct file *program;
+
+       /* We probably want it to never be allowed to exec if it ever was _M */
+       if(p->state != PROC_RUNNING_S)
+               return -1;
+       /* Copy in the path.  Consider putting an upper bound. */
+       t_path = user_strdup_errno(p, path, path_l);
+       if (IS_ERR(t_path))
+               return -1;
+       program = do_file_open(t_path, 0, 0);
+       user_memdup_free(p, t_path);
+       if (!program)
+               return -1;                      /* presumably, errno is already set */
+       /* Set the argument stuff needed by glibc */
+       if (memcpy_from_user_errno(p, p->procinfo->argp, pi->argp,
+                                  sizeof(pi->argp)))
+               goto mid_error;
+       if (memcpy_from_user_errno(p, p->procinfo->argbuf, pi->argbuf,
+                                  sizeof(pi->argbuf)))
+               goto mid_error;
+       /* This is the point of no return for the process. */
+       /* TODO: issues with this: Need to also assert there are no outstanding
+        * users of the sysrings.  the ldt page will get freed shortly, so that's
+        * okay.  Potentially issues with the nm and vcpd if we were in _M before
+        * and someone is trying to notify. */
+       memset(p->procdata, 0, sizeof(procdata_t));
+       env_user_mem_free(p, 0, UMAPTOP);
+       if (load_elf(p, program)) {
+               kref_put(&program->f_kref);
+               proc_destroy(p);
+               smp_idle();             /* syscall can't return on failure now */
+       }
+       printd("[PID %d] exec %s\n", p->pid, file_name(program));
+       kref_put(&program->f_kref);
+       *current_tf = p->env_tf;
+       return 0;
+mid_error:
+       kref_put(&program->f_kref);
+       return -1;
+}
+
 static ssize_t sys_trywait(env_t* e, pid_t pid, int* status)
 {
        struct proc* p = pid2proc(pid);
@@ -169,7 +470,9 @@ static ssize_t sys_trywait(env_t* e, pid_t pid, int* status)
                }
 
                // if the wait succeeded, decref twice
-               proc_decref(p,1 + (ret == 0));
+               if (ret == 0)
+                       kref_put(&p->kref);
+               kref_put(&p->kref);
                return ret;
        }
 
@@ -177,144 +480,65 @@ static ssize_t sys_trywait(env_t* e, pid_t pid, int* status)
        return -1;
 }
 
-static ssize_t sys_exec(env_t* e, void *DANGEROUS binary_buf, size_t len,
-                        void*DANGEROUS arg, void*DANGEROUS env)
-{
-       // TODO: right now we only support exec for single-core processes
-       if(e->state != PROC_RUNNING_S)
-               return -1;
-
-       if(memcpy_from_user(e,e->env_procinfo->argv_buf,arg,PROCINFO_MAX_ARGV_SIZE))
-               return -1;
-       if(memcpy_from_user(e,e->env_procinfo->env_buf,env,PROCINFO_MAX_ENV_SIZE))
-               return -1;
-
-       void* binary = kmalloc(len,0);
-       if(binary == NULL)
-               return -1;
-       if(memcpy_from_user(e,binary,binary_buf,len))
-       {
-               kfree(binary);
-               return -1;
-       }
-
-       // TODO: this breaks with mmap
-       env_segment_free(e,0,(intptr_t)e->heap_top);
-       env_segment_free(e,(void*)USTACKBOT,USTACKTOP-USTACKBOT);
-
-       proc_init_trapframe(current_tf,0);
-       env_load_icode(e,NULL,binary,len);
+/************** Memory Management Syscalls **************/
 
-       kfree(binary);
-       return 0;
-}
-
-static ssize_t sys_run_binary(env_t* e, void *DANGEROUS binary_buf, size_t len,
-                              void*DANGEROUS arg, size_t num_colors)
+static void *sys_mmap(struct proc* p, uintreg_t a1, uintreg_t a2, uintreg_t a3,
+                      uintreg_t* a456)
 {
-       env_t* env = proc_create(NULL,0);
-       assert(env != NULL);
-
-       static_assert(PROCINFO_NUM_PAGES == 1);
-       assert(memcpy_from_user(e,env->env_procinfo->argv_buf,arg,PROCINFO_MAX_ARGV_SIZE) == ESUCCESS);
-       *(intptr_t*)env->env_procinfo->env_buf = 0;
-
-       env_load_icode(env,e,binary_buf,len);
-       __proc_set_state(env, PROC_RUNNABLE_S);
-       schedule_proc(env);
-       if(num_colors > 0) {
-               env->cache_colors_map = cache_colors_map_alloc();
-               for(int i=0; i<num_colors; i++)
-                       cache_color_alloc(llc_cache, env->cache_colors_map);
-       }
-       proc_decref(env, 1);
-       proc_yield(e);
-       return 0;
+       uintreg_t _a456[3];
+       if(memcpy_from_user(p,_a456,a456,3*sizeof(uintreg_t)))
+               sys_proc_destroy(p,p->pid,-1);
+       return mmap(p,a1,a2,a3,_a456[0],_a456[1],_a456[2]);
 }
 
-#ifdef __NETWORK__
-// This is not a syscall we want. Its hacky. Here just for syscall stuff until get a stack.
-static ssize_t sys_eth_write(env_t* e, const char *DANGEROUS buf, size_t len)
+static intreg_t sys_mprotect(struct proc* p, void* addr, size_t len, int prot)
 {
-       extern int eth_up;
-
-       if (eth_up) {
-
-               if (len == 0)
-                       return 0;
-
-               char *COUNT(len) _buf = user_mem_assert(e, buf, len, PTE_U);
-               int total_sent = 0;
-               int just_sent = 0;
-               int cur_packet_len = 0;
-               while (total_sent != len) {
-                       cur_packet_len = ((len - total_sent) > MAX_PACKET_DATA) ? MAX_PACKET_DATA : (len - total_sent);
-                       char* wrap_buffer = packet_wrap(_buf + total_sent, cur_packet_len);
-                       just_sent = send_frame(wrap_buffer, cur_packet_len + PACKET_HEADER_SIZE);
-
-                       if (just_sent < 0)
-                               return 0; // This should be an error code of its own
-
-                       if (wrap_buffer)
-                               kfree(wrap_buffer);
-
-                       total_sent += cur_packet_len;
-               }
-
-               return (ssize_t)len;
-
-       }
-       else
-               return -EINVAL;
+       return mprotect(p, (uintptr_t)addr, len, prot);
 }
 
-// This is not a syscall we want. Its hacky. Here just for syscall stuff until get a stack.
-static ssize_t sys_eth_read(env_t* e, char *DANGEROUS buf, size_t len)
+static intreg_t sys_munmap(struct proc* p, void* addr, size_t len)
 {
-       extern int eth_up;
-
-       if (eth_up) {
-               extern int packet_waiting;
-               extern int packet_buffer_size;
-               extern char*CT(packet_buffer_size) packet_buffer;
-               extern char*CT(MAX_FRAME_SIZE) packet_buffer_orig;
-               extern int packet_buffer_pos;
-
-               if (len == 0)
-                       return 0;
-
-               char *CT(len) _buf = user_mem_assert(e, buf,len, PTE_U);
+       return munmap(p, (uintptr_t)addr, len);
+}
 
-               if (packet_waiting == 0)
-                       return 0;
+static void* sys_brk(struct proc *p, void* addr) {
+       ssize_t range;
 
-               int read_len = ((packet_buffer_pos + len) > packet_buffer_size) ? packet_buffer_size - packet_buffer_pos : len;
+       // TODO: remove sys_brk
+       printk("[kernel] don't use brk, unsupported and will be removed soon.\n");
 
-               memcpy(_buf, packet_buffer + packet_buffer_pos, read_len);
+       spin_lock(&p->proc_lock);
 
-               packet_buffer_pos = packet_buffer_pos + read_len;
+       if((addr < p->procinfo->heap_bottom) || (addr >= (void*)BRK_END))
+               goto out;
 
-               if (packet_buffer_pos == packet_buffer_size) {
-                       kfree(packet_buffer_orig);
-                       packet_waiting = 0;
-               }
+       uintptr_t real_heap_top = ROUNDUP((uintptr_t)p->heap_top,PGSIZE);
+       uintptr_t real_new_heap_top = ROUNDUP((uintptr_t)addr,PGSIZE);
+       range = real_new_heap_top - real_heap_top;
 
-               return read_len;
+       if (range > 0) {
+               if(__do_mmap(p, real_heap_top, range, PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE,
+                            MAP_FIXED | MAP_ANONYMOUS, NULL, 0) == MAP_FAILED)
+                       goto out;
        }
-       else
-               return -EINVAL;
-}
-#endif // Network
+       else if (range < 0) {
+               if(__do_munmap(p, real_new_heap_top, -range))
+                       goto out;
+       }
+       p->heap_top = addr;
 
-//
-/* END OF REMOTE SYSTEMCALL SUPPORT SYSCALLS. */
-//
+out:
+       spin_unlock(&p->proc_lock);
+       return p->heap_top;
+}
 
 static ssize_t sys_shared_page_alloc(env_t* p1,
                                      void**DANGEROUS _addr, pid_t p2_id,
                                      int p1_flags, int p2_flags
                                     )
 {
+       /* When we remove/change this, also get rid of page_insert_in_range() */
+       printk("[kernel] the current shared page alloc is deprecated.\n");
        //if (!VALID_USER_PERMS(p1_flags)) return -EPERM;
        //if (!VALID_USER_PERMS(p2_flags)) return -EPERM;
 
@@ -327,7 +551,7 @@ static ssize_t sys_shared_page_alloc(env_t* p1,
        page_t* page;
        error_t e = upage_alloc(p1, &page,1);
        if (e < 0) {
-               proc_decref(p2, 1);
+               kref_put(&p2->kref);
                return e;
        }
 
@@ -335,7 +559,7 @@ static ssize_t sys_shared_page_alloc(env_t* p1,
                        (void*SNT)UTEXT, (void*SNT)UTOP, p2_flags);
        if (p2_addr == NULL) {
                page_free(page);
-               proc_decref(p2, 1);
+               kref_put(&p2->kref);
                return -EFAIL;
        }
 
@@ -344,273 +568,507 @@ static ssize_t sys_shared_page_alloc(env_t* p1,
        if(p1_addr == NULL) {
                page_remove(p2->env_pgdir, p2_addr);
                page_free(page);
-               proc_decref(p2, 1);
+               kref_put(&p2->kref);
                return -EFAIL;
        }
        *addr = p1_addr;
-       proc_decref(p2, 1);
+       kref_put(&p2->kref);
        return ESUCCESS;
 }
 
-static void sys_shared_page_free(env_t* p1, void*DANGEROUS addr, pid_t p2)
+static int sys_shared_page_free(env_t* p1, void*DANGEROUS addr, pid_t p2)
+{
+       return -1;
+}
+
+
+/* sys_resource_req(): called directly from dispatch table. */
+
+/* Will notify the target on the given vcore, if the caller controls the target.
+ * Will honor the target's wanted/vcoreid.  u_ne can be NULL. */
+static int sys_notify(struct proc *p, int target_pid, unsigned int notif,
+                      struct notif_event *u_ne)
+{
+       struct notif_event local_ne;
+       struct proc *target = pid2proc(target_pid);
+
+       if (!target) {
+               set_errno(current_tf, EBADPROC);
+               return -1;
+       }
+       if (!proc_controls(p, target)) {
+               kref_put(&target->kref);
+               set_errno(current_tf, EPERM);
+               return -1;
+       }
+       /* if the user provided a notif_event, copy it in and use that */
+       if (u_ne) {
+               if (memcpy_from_user(p, &local_ne, u_ne, sizeof(struct notif_event))) {
+                       kref_put(&target->kref);
+                       set_errno(current_tf, EINVAL);
+                       return -1;
+               }
+               proc_notify(target, local_ne.ne_type, &local_ne);
+       } else {
+               proc_notify(target, notif, 0);
+       }
+       kref_put(&target->kref);
+       return 0;
+}
+
+/* Will notify the calling process on the given vcore, independently of WANTED
+ * or advertised vcoreid.  If you change the parameters, change pop_ros_tf() */
+static int sys_self_notify(struct proc *p, uint32_t vcoreid, unsigned int notif,
+                           struct notif_event *u_ne)
+{
+       struct notif_event local_ne;
+
+       printd("[kernel] received self notify for vcoreid %d, notif %d, ne %08p\n",
+              vcoreid, notif, u_ne);
+       /* if the user provided a notif_event, copy it in and use that */
+       if (u_ne) {
+               if (memcpy_from_user(p, &local_ne, u_ne, sizeof(struct notif_event))) {
+                       set_errno(current_tf, EINVAL);
+                       return -1;
+               }
+               do_notify(p, vcoreid, local_ne.ne_type, &local_ne);
+       } else {
+               do_notify(p, vcoreid, notif, 0);
+       }
+       return 0;
+}
+
+/* This will set a local timer for usec, then shut down the core */
+static int sys_halt_core(struct proc *p, unsigned int usec)
+{
+       /* TODO: ought to check and see if a timer was already active, etc, esp so
+        * userspace can't turn off timers.  also note we will also call whatever
+        * timer_interrupt() will do, though all we care about is just
+        * self_ipi/interrupting. */
+       set_core_timer(usec);
+       cpu_halt();
+
+       return 0;
+}
+
+/************** Platform Specific Syscalls **************/
+
+//Read a buffer over the serial port
+static ssize_t sys_serial_read(env_t* e, char *DANGEROUS _buf, size_t len)
+{
+       if (len == 0)
+               return 0;
+
+       #ifdef __CONFIG_SERIAL_IO__
+           char *COUNT(len) buf = user_mem_assert(e, _buf, len, PTE_USER_RO);
+               size_t bytes_read = 0;
+               int c;
+               while((c = serial_read_byte()) != -1) {
+                       buf[bytes_read++] = (uint8_t)c;
+                       if(bytes_read == len) break;
+               }
+               return (ssize_t)bytes_read;
+       #else
+               return -EINVAL;
+       #endif
+}
+
+//Write a buffer over the serial port
+static ssize_t sys_serial_write(env_t* e, const char *DANGEROUS buf, size_t len)
+{
+       if (len == 0)
+               return 0;
+       #ifdef __CONFIG_SERIAL_IO__
+               char *COUNT(len) _buf = user_mem_assert(e, buf, len, PTE_USER_RO);
+               for(int i =0; i<len; i++)
+                       serial_send_byte(buf[i]);
+               return (ssize_t)len;
+       #else
+               return -EINVAL;
+       #endif
+}
+
+#ifdef __CONFIG_NETWORKING__
+// This is not a syscall we want. Its hacky. Here just for syscall stuff until get a stack.
+static ssize_t sys_eth_read(env_t* e, char *DANGEROUS buf)
+{
+       if (eth_up) {
+
+               uint32_t len;
+               char *ptr;
+
+               spin_lock(&packet_buffers_lock);
+
+               if (num_packet_buffers == 0) {
+                       spin_unlock(&packet_buffers_lock);
+                       return 0;
+               }
+
+               ptr = packet_buffers[packet_buffers_head];
+               len = packet_buffers_sizes[packet_buffers_head];
+
+               num_packet_buffers--;
+               packet_buffers_head = (packet_buffers_head + 1) % MAX_PACKET_BUFFERS;
+
+               spin_unlock(&packet_buffers_lock);
+
+               char* _buf = user_mem_assert(e, buf, len, PTE_U);
+
+               memcpy(_buf, ptr, len);
+
+               kfree(ptr);
+
+               return len;
+       }
+       else
+               return -EINVAL;
+}
+
+// This is not a syscall we want. Its hacky. Here just for syscall stuff until get a stack.
+static ssize_t sys_eth_write(env_t* e, const char *DANGEROUS buf, size_t len)
+{
+       if (eth_up) {
+
+               if (len == 0)
+                       return 0;
+
+               // HACK TO BYPASS HACK
+               int just_sent = send_frame(buf, len);
+
+               if (just_sent < 0) {
+                       printk("Packet send fail\n");
+                       return 0;
+               }
+
+               return just_sent;
+
+               // END OF RECURSIVE HACK
+/*
+               char *COUNT(len) _buf = user_mem_assert(e, buf, len, PTE_U);
+               int total_sent = 0;
+               int just_sent = 0;
+               int cur_packet_len = 0;
+               while (total_sent != len) {
+                       cur_packet_len = ((len - total_sent) > MTU) ? MTU : (len - total_sent);
+                       char dest_mac[6] = APPSERVER_MAC_ADDRESS;
+                       char* wrap_buffer = eth_wrap(_buf + total_sent, cur_packet_len, device_mac, dest_mac, APPSERVER_PORT);
+                       just_sent = send_frame(wrap_buffer, cur_packet_len + sizeof(struct ETH_Header));
+
+                       if (just_sent < 0)
+                               return 0; // This should be an error code of its own
+
+                       if (wrap_buffer)
+                               kfree(wrap_buffer);
+
+                       total_sent += cur_packet_len;
+               }
+
+               return (ssize_t)len;
+*/
+       }
+       else
+               return -EINVAL;
+}
+
+static ssize_t sys_eth_get_mac_addr(env_t* e, char *DANGEROUS buf) 
 {
+       if (eth_up) {
+               for (int i = 0; i < 6; i++)
+                       buf[i] = device_mac[i];
+               return 0;
+       }
+       else
+               return -EINVAL;
 }
 
-// Invalidate the cache of this core.  Only useful if you want a cold cache for
-// performance testing reasons.
-static void sys_cache_invalidate(void)
+static int sys_eth_recv_check(env_t* e) 
 {
-       #ifdef __i386__
-               wbinvd();
-       #endif
-       return;
+       if (num_packet_buffers != 0) 
+               return 1;
+       else
+               return 0;
 }
 
-// Writes 'val' to 'num_writes' entries of the well-known array in the kernel
-// address space.  It's just #defined to be some random 4MB chunk (which ought
-// to be boot_alloced or something).  Meant to grab exclusive access to cache
-// lines, to simulate doing something useful.
-static void sys_cache_buster(struct proc *p, uint32_t num_writes,
-                             uint32_t num_pages, uint32_t flags)
-{ TRUSTEDBLOCK /* zra: this is not really part of the kernel */
-       #define BUSTER_ADDR             0xd0000000  // around 512 MB deep
-       #define MAX_WRITES              1048576*8
-       #define MAX_PAGES               32
-       #define INSERT_ADDR     (UINFO + 2*PGSIZE) // should be free for these tests
-       uint32_t* buster = (uint32_t*)BUSTER_ADDR;
-       static spinlock_t buster_lock = SPINLOCK_INITIALIZER;
-       uint64_t ticks = -1;
-       page_t* a_page[MAX_PAGES];
+#endif // Network
 
-       /* Strided Accesses or Not (adjust to step by cachelines) */
-       uint32_t stride = 1;
-       if (flags & BUSTER_STRIDED) {
-               stride = 16;
-               num_writes *= 16;
+// Syscalls below here are serviced by the appserver for now.
+#define ufe(which,a0,a1,a2,a3) \
+       frontend_syscall_errno(p,APPSERVER_SYSCALL_##which,\
+                          (int)(a0),(int)(a1),(int)(a2),(int)(a3))
+
+intreg_t sys_write(struct proc* p, int fd, const void* buf, int len)
+{
+       int ret = 0;
+       void* kbuf = user_memdup_errno(p,buf,len);
+       if(kbuf == NULL)
+               return -1;
+#ifndef __CONFIG_APPSERVER__
+       /* Catch a common usage of stderr */
+       if (fd == 2) {
+               ((char*)kbuf)[len-1] = 0;
+               printk("[stderr]: %s\n", kbuf);
+               ret = len;
+       } else { // but warn/panic otherwise in ufe()
+               ret = ufe(write, fd, PADDR(kbuf), len, 0);
        }
+#else
+       ret = ufe(write, fd, PADDR(kbuf), len, 0);
+#endif
+       user_memdup_free(p,kbuf);
+       return ret;
+}
 
-       /* Shared Accesses or Not (adjust to use per-core regions)
-        * Careful, since this gives 8MB to each core, starting around 512MB.
-        * Also, doesn't separate memory for core 0 if it's an async call.
-        */
-       if (!(flags & BUSTER_SHARED))
-               buster = (uint32_t*)(BUSTER_ADDR + core_id() * 0x00800000);
+intreg_t sys_read(struct proc* p, int fd, void* buf, int len)
+{
+       void* kbuf = kmalloc_errno(len);
+       if(kbuf == NULL)
+               return -1;
+       int ret = ufe(read,fd,PADDR(kbuf),len,0);
+       if(ret != -1 && memcpy_to_user_errno(p,buf,kbuf,len))
+               ret = -1;
+       user_memdup_free(p,kbuf);
+       return ret;
+}
 
-       /* Start the timer, if we're asked to print this info*/
-       if (flags & BUSTER_PRINT_TICKS)
-               ticks = start_timing();
+intreg_t sys_pwrite(struct proc* p, int fd, const void* buf, int len, int offset)
+{
+       void* kbuf = user_memdup_errno(p,buf,len);
+       if(kbuf == NULL)
+               return -1;
+       int ret = ufe(pwrite,fd,PADDR(kbuf),len,offset);
+       user_memdup_free(p,kbuf);
+       return ret;
+}
 
-       /* Allocate num_pages (up to MAX_PAGES), to simulate doing some more
-        * realistic work.  Note we don't write to these pages, even if we pick
-        * unshared.  Mostly due to the inconvenience of having to match up the
-        * number of pages with the number of writes.  And it's unnecessary.
-        */
-       if (num_pages) {
-               spin_lock(&buster_lock);
-               for (int i = 0; i < MIN(num_pages, MAX_PAGES); i++) {
-                       upage_alloc(p, &a_page[i],1);
-                       page_insert(p->env_pgdir, a_page[i], (void*)INSERT_ADDR + PGSIZE*i,
-                                   PTE_USER_RW);
-               }
-               spin_unlock(&buster_lock);
-       }
+intreg_t sys_pread(struct proc* p, int fd, void* buf, int len, int offset)
+{
+       void* kbuf = kmalloc_errno(len);
+       if(kbuf == NULL)
+               return -1;
+       int ret = ufe(pread,fd,PADDR(kbuf),len,offset);
+       if(ret != -1 && memcpy_to_user_errno(p,buf,kbuf,len))
+               ret = -1;
+       user_memdup_free(p,kbuf);
+       return ret;
+}
 
-       if (flags & BUSTER_LOCKED)
-               spin_lock(&buster_lock);
-       for (int i = 0; i < MIN(num_writes, MAX_WRITES); i=i+stride)
-               buster[i] = 0xdeadbeef;
-       if (flags & BUSTER_LOCKED)
-               spin_unlock(&buster_lock);
+/* Checks args/reads in the path, opens the file, and inserts it into the
+ * process's open file list. 
+ *
+ * TODO: take the path length */
+intreg_t sys_open(struct proc *p, const char *path, int oflag, int mode)
+{
+       int fd = 0;
+       struct file *file;
 
-       if (num_pages) {
-               spin_lock(&buster_lock);
-               for (int i = 0; i < MIN(num_pages, MAX_PAGES); i++) {
-                       page_remove(p->env_pgdir, (void*)(INSERT_ADDR + PGSIZE * i));
-                       page_decref(a_page[i]);
-               }
-               spin_unlock(&buster_lock);
+       char *t_path = user_strdup_errno(p, path, PGSIZE);
+       if (t_path == NULL)
+               return -1;
+       file = do_file_open(t_path, oflag, mode);
+       user_memdup_free(p, t_path);
+       if (!file)
+               return -1;
+       fd = insert_file(&p->open_files, file); /* stores the ref to file */
+       kref_put(&file->f_kref);
+       if (fd < 0) {
+               warn("File insertion failed");
+               return -1;
        }
+       printd("File Open, res=%d\n", fd);
+       return fd;
+}
 
-       /* Print info */
-       if (flags & BUSTER_PRINT_TICKS) {
-               ticks = stop_timing(ticks);
-               printk("%llu,", ticks);
+intreg_t sys_close(struct proc *p, int fd)
+{
+       struct file *file = put_file_from_fd(&p->open_files, fd);
+       if (!file) {
+               set_errno(current_tf, EBADF);
+               return -1;
        }
-       return;
+       /* TEMP TEST */
+       if (kref_refcnt(&file->f_kref)) {
+               printk("sys_close: Detected positive refcnt %d for file %s\n",
+                      kref_refcnt(&file->f_kref), file_name(file));
+               panic("Idiot.");
+       }
+       return 0;
 }
 
-// Print a string to the system console.
-// The string is exactly 'len' characters long.
-// Destroys the environment on memory errors.
-static ssize_t sys_cputs(env_t* e, const char *DANGEROUS s, size_t len)
+#define NEWLIB_STAT_SIZE 64
+intreg_t sys_fstat(struct proc* p, int fd, void* buf)
 {
-       // Check that the user has permission to read memory [s, s+len).
-       // Destroy the environment if not.
-       char *COUNT(len) _s = user_mem_assert(e, s, len, PTE_USER_RO);
+       int *kbuf = kmalloc(NEWLIB_STAT_SIZE, 0);
+       int ret = ufe(fstat,fd,PADDR(kbuf),0,0);
+       if(ret != -1 && memcpy_to_user_errno(p,buf,kbuf,NEWLIB_STAT_SIZE))
+               ret = -1;
+       kfree(kbuf);
+       return ret;
+}
 
-       // Print the string supplied by the user.
-       printk("%.*s", len, _s);
-       return (ssize_t)len;
+intreg_t sys_stat(struct proc* p, const char* path, void* buf)
+{
+       char* fn = user_strdup_errno(p,path,PGSIZE);
+       if(fn == NULL)
+               return -1;
+
+       int *kbuf = kmalloc(NEWLIB_STAT_SIZE, 0);
+       int ret = ufe(stat,PADDR(fn),PADDR(kbuf),0,0);
+       if(ret != -1 && memcpy_to_user_errno(p,buf,kbuf,NEWLIB_STAT_SIZE))
+               ret = -1;
+
+       user_memdup_free(p,fn);
+       kfree(kbuf);
+       return ret;
 }
 
-// Read a character from the system console.
-// Returns the character.
-static uint16_t sys_cgetc(env_t* e)
+intreg_t sys_lstat(struct proc* p, const char* path, void* buf)
 {
-       uint16_t c;
+       char* fn = user_strdup_errno(p,path,PGSIZE);
+       if(fn == NULL)
+               return -1;
 
-       // The cons_getc() primitive doesn't wait for a character,
-       // but the sys_cgetc() system call does.
-       while ((c = cons_getc()) == 0)
-               cpu_relax();
+       int *kbuf = kmalloc(NEWLIB_STAT_SIZE, 0);
+       int ret = ufe(lstat,PADDR(fn),PADDR(kbuf),0,0);
+       if(ret != -1 && memcpy_to_user_errno(p,buf,kbuf,NEWLIB_STAT_SIZE))
+               ret = -1;
 
-       return c;
+       user_memdup_free(p,fn);
+       kfree(kbuf);
+       return ret;
 }
 
-/* Returns the calling process's pid */
-static pid_t sys_getpid(struct proc *p)
+intreg_t sys_fcntl(struct proc* p, int fd, int cmd, int arg)
 {
-       return p->pid;
+       return ufe(fcntl,fd,cmd,arg,0);
 }
 
-/* Returns the id of the cpu this syscall is executed on. */
-static uint32_t sys_getcpuid(void)
+intreg_t sys_access(struct proc* p, const char* path, int type)
 {
-       return core_id();
+       char* fn = user_strdup_errno(p,path,PGSIZE);
+       if(fn == NULL)
+               return -1;
+       int ret = ufe(access,PADDR(fn),type,0,0);
+       user_memdup_free(p,fn);
+       return ret;
 }
 
-// TODO: Temporary hack until thread-local storage is implemented on i386
-static size_t sys_getvcoreid(env_t* e)
+intreg_t sys_umask(struct proc* p, int mask)
 {
-       if(e->state == PROC_RUNNING_S)
-               return 0;
+       return ufe(umask,mask,0,0,0);
+}
 
-       size_t i;
-       for(i = 0; i < e->num_vcores; i++)
-               if(core_id() == e->vcoremap[i])
-                       return i;
+intreg_t sys_chmod(struct proc* p, const char* path, int mode)
+{
+       char* fn = user_strdup_errno(p,path,PGSIZE);
+       if(fn == NULL)
+               return -1;
+       int ret = ufe(chmod,PADDR(fn),mode,0,0);
+       user_memdup_free(p,fn);
+       return ret;
+}
 
-       panic("virtual core id not found in sys_getvcoreid()!");
+intreg_t sys_lseek(struct proc* p, int fd, int offset, int whence)
+{
+       return ufe(lseek,fd,offset,whence,0);
 }
 
-/* Destroy proc pid.  If this is called by the dying process, it will never
- * return.  o/w it will return 0 on success, or an error.  Errors include:
- * - EBADPROC: if there is no such process with pid
- * - EPERM: if caller does not control pid */
-static error_t sys_proc_destroy(struct proc *p, pid_t pid, int exitcode)
+intreg_t sys_link(struct proc* p, const char* _old, const char* _new)
 {
-       error_t r;
-       struct proc *p_to_die = pid2proc(pid);
+       char* oldpath = user_strdup_errno(p,_old,PGSIZE);
+       if(oldpath == NULL)
+               return -1;
 
-       if (!p_to_die)
-               return -EBADPROC;
-       if (!proc_controls(p, p_to_die)) {
-               proc_decref(p_to_die, 1);
-               return -EPERM;
-       }
-       if (p_to_die == p) {
-               // syscall code and pid2proc both have edible references, only need 1.
-               p->exitcode = exitcode;
-               proc_decref(p, 1);
-               printd("[PID %d] proc exiting gracefully (code %d)\n", p->pid,exitcode);
-       } else {
-               panic("Destroying other processes is not supported yet.");
-               //printk("[%d] destroying proc %d\n", p->pid, p_to_die->pid);
+       char* newpath = user_strdup_errno(p,_new,PGSIZE);
+       if(newpath == NULL)
+       {
+               user_memdup_free(p,oldpath);
+               return -1;
        }
-       proc_destroy(p_to_die);
-       return ESUCCESS;
+
+       int ret = ufe(link,PADDR(oldpath),PADDR(newpath),0,0);
+       user_memdup_free(p,oldpath);
+       user_memdup_free(p,newpath);
+       return ret;
 }
 
-/*
- * Creates a process found at the user string 'path'.  Currently uses KFS.
- * Not runnable by default, so it needs it's status to be changed so that the
- * next call to schedule() will try to run it.
- * TODO: once we have a decent VFS, consider splitting this up
- * and once there's an mmap, can have most of this in process.c
- */
-static int sys_proc_create(struct proc *p, const char *DANGEROUS path)
+intreg_t sys_unlink(struct proc* p, const char* path)
 {
-       #define MAX_PATH_LEN 256 // totally arbitrary
-       int pid = 0;
-       char tpath[MAX_PATH_LEN];
-       /*
-        * There's a bunch of issues with reading in the path, which we'll
-        * need to sort properly in the VFS.  Main concerns are TOCTOU (copy-in),
-        * whether or not it's a big deal that the pointer could be into kernel
-        * space, and resolving both of these without knowing the length of the
-        * string. (TODO)
-        * Change this so that all syscalls with a pointer take a length.
-        *
-        * zra: I've added this user_mem_strlcpy, which I think eliminates the
-     * the TOCTOU issue. Adding a length arg to this call would allow a more
-        * efficient implementation, though, since only one call to user_mem_check
-        * would be required.
-        */
-       int ret = user_mem_strlcpy(p,tpath, path, MAX_PATH_LEN, PTE_USER_RO);
-       int kfs_inode = kfs_lookup_path(tpath);
-       if (kfs_inode < 0)
-               return -EINVAL;
-       struct proc *new_p = kfs_proc_create(kfs_inode);
-       pid = new_p->pid;
-       proc_decref(new_p, 1); // let go of the reference created in proc_create()
-       return pid;
+       char* fn = user_strdup_errno(p,path,PGSIZE);
+       if(fn == NULL)
+               return -1;
+       int ret = ufe(unlink,PADDR(fn),0,0,0);
+       user_memdup_free(p,fn);
+       return ret;
 }
 
-/* Makes process PID runnable.  Consider moving the functionality to process.c */
-static error_t sys_proc_run(struct proc *p, unsigned pid)
+intreg_t sys_chdir(struct proc* p, const char* path)
 {
-       struct proc *target = pid2proc(pid);
-       error_t retval = 0;
+       char* fn = user_strdup_errno(p,path,PGSIZE);
+       if(fn == NULL)
+               return -1;
+       int ret = ufe(chdir,PADDR(fn),0,0,0);
+       user_memdup_free(p,fn);
+       return ret;
+}
 
-       if (!target)
-               return -EBADPROC;
-       // note we can get interrupted here. it's not bad.
-       spin_lock_irqsave(&p->proc_lock);
-       // make sure we have access and it's in the right state to be activated
-       if (!proc_controls(p, target)) {
-               proc_decref(target, 1);
-               retval = -EPERM;
-       } else if (target->state != PROC_CREATED) {
-               proc_decref(target, 1);
-               retval = -EINVAL;
-       } else {
-               __proc_set_state(target, PROC_RUNNABLE_S);
-               schedule_proc(target);
-       }
-       spin_unlock_irqsave(&p->proc_lock);
-       proc_decref(target, 1);
-       return retval;
+intreg_t sys_getcwd(struct proc* p, char* pwd, int size)
+{
+       void* kbuf = kmalloc_errno(size);
+       if(kbuf == NULL)
+               return -1;
+       int ret = ufe(read,PADDR(kbuf),size,0,0);
+       if(ret != -1 && memcpy_to_user_errno(p,pwd,kbuf,strnlen(kbuf,size)))
+               ret = -1;
+       user_memdup_free(p,kbuf);
+       return ret;
 }
 
-static void* sys_brk(struct proc *p, void* addr) {
-       size_t range;
+intreg_t sys_gettimeofday(struct proc* p, int* buf)
+{
+       static spinlock_t gtod_lock = SPINLOCK_INITIALIZER;
+       static int t0 = 0;
 
-       if((addr < p->heap_bottom) || (addr >= (void*)USTACKBOT))
-               goto out;
+       spin_lock(&gtod_lock);
+       if(t0 == 0)
 
-       if (addr > p->heap_top) {
-               range = addr - p->heap_top;
-               env_segment_alloc(p, p->heap_top, range);
-       }
-       else if (addr < p->heap_top) {
-               range = p->heap_top - addr;
-               env_segment_free(p, addr, range);
-       }
-       p->heap_top = addr;
+#if (defined __CONFIG_APPSERVER__)
+       t0 = ufe(time,0,0,0,0);
+#else
+       // Nanwan's birthday, bitches!!
+       t0 = 1242129600;
+#endif 
+       spin_unlock(&gtod_lock);
 
-out:
-       return p->heap_top;
+       long long dt = read_tsc();
+       int kbuf[2] = {t0+dt/system_timing.tsc_freq,
+           (dt%system_timing.tsc_freq)*1000000/system_timing.tsc_freq};
+
+       return memcpy_to_user_errno(p,buf,kbuf,sizeof(kbuf));
 }
 
-void* sys_mmap(struct proc* p, uintreg_t a1, uintreg_t a2, uintreg_t a3,
-               uintreg_t* a456)
+#define SIZEOF_STRUCT_TERMIOS 60
+intreg_t sys_tcgetattr(struct proc* p, int fd, void* termios_p)
 {
-       uintreg_t _a456[3];
-       if(memcpy_from_user(p,_a456,a456,3*sizeof(uintreg_t)))
-               sys_proc_destroy(p,p->pid,-1);
-       return mmap(p,a1,a2,a3,_a456[0],_a456[1],_a456[2]);
+       int* kbuf = kmalloc(SIZEOF_STRUCT_TERMIOS,0);
+       int ret = ufe(tcgetattr,fd,PADDR(kbuf),0,0);
+       if(ret != -1 && memcpy_to_user_errno(p,termios_p,kbuf,SIZEOF_STRUCT_TERMIOS))
+               ret = -1;
+       kfree(kbuf);
+       return ret;
+}
+
+intreg_t sys_tcsetattr(struct proc* p, int fd, int optional_actions, const void* termios_p)
+{
+       void* kbuf = user_memdup_errno(p,termios_p,SIZEOF_STRUCT_TERMIOS);
+       if(kbuf == NULL)
+               return -1;
+       int ret = ufe(tcsetattr,fd,optional_actions,PADDR(kbuf),0);
+       user_memdup_free(p,kbuf);
+       return ret;
 }
 
+/************** Syscall Invokation **************/
+
 /* Executes the given syscall.
  *
  * Note tf is passed in, which points to the tf of the context on the kernel
@@ -623,6 +1081,10 @@ void* sys_mmap(struct proc* p, uintreg_t a1, uintreg_t a2, uintreg_t a3,
 intreg_t syscall(struct proc *p, uintreg_t syscallno, uintreg_t a1,
                  uintreg_t a2, uintreg_t a3, uintreg_t a4, uintreg_t a5)
 {
+       // Initialize the return value and error code returned to 0
+       proc_set_syscall_retval(current_tf, 0);
+       set_errno(current_tf,0);
+
        typedef intreg_t (*syscall_t)(struct proc*,uintreg_t,uintreg_t,
                                      uintreg_t,uintreg_t,uintreg_t);
 
@@ -630,43 +1092,91 @@ intreg_t syscall(struct proc *p, uintreg_t syscallno, uintreg_t a1,
                [SYS_null] = (syscall_t)sys_null,
                [SYS_cache_buster] = (syscall_t)sys_cache_buster,
                [SYS_cache_invalidate] = (syscall_t)sys_cache_invalidate,
-               [SYS_shared_page_alloc] = (syscall_t)sys_shared_page_alloc,
-               [SYS_shared_page_free] = (syscall_t)sys_shared_page_free,
+               [SYS_reboot] = (syscall_t)reboot,
                [SYS_cputs] = (syscall_t)sys_cputs,
                [SYS_cgetc] = (syscall_t)sys_cgetc,
                [SYS_getcpuid] = (syscall_t)sys_getcpuid,
                [SYS_getvcoreid] = (syscall_t)sys_getvcoreid,
-               [SYS_proc_destroy] = (syscall_t)sys_proc_destroy,
-               [SYS_yield] = (syscall_t)proc_yield,
+               [SYS_getpid] = (syscall_t)sys_getpid,
                [SYS_proc_create] = (syscall_t)sys_proc_create,
                [SYS_proc_run] = (syscall_t)sys_proc_run,
+               [SYS_proc_destroy] = (syscall_t)sys_proc_destroy,
+               [SYS_yield] = (syscall_t)sys_proc_yield,
+               [SYS_fork] = (syscall_t)sys_fork,
+               [SYS_exec] = (syscall_t)sys_exec,
+               [SYS_trywait] = (syscall_t)sys_trywait,
                [SYS_mmap] = (syscall_t)sys_mmap,
+               [SYS_munmap] = (syscall_t)sys_munmap,
+               [SYS_mprotect] = (syscall_t)sys_mprotect,
                [SYS_brk] = (syscall_t)sys_brk,
+               [SYS_shared_page_alloc] = (syscall_t)sys_shared_page_alloc,
+               [SYS_shared_page_free] = (syscall_t)sys_shared_page_free,
                [SYS_resource_req] = (syscall_t)resource_req,
-       #ifdef __i386__
+               [SYS_notify] = (syscall_t)sys_notify,
+               [SYS_self_notify] = (syscall_t)sys_self_notify,
+               [SYS_halt_core] = (syscall_t)sys_halt_core,
+       #ifdef __CONFIG_SERIAL_IO__
                [SYS_serial_read] = (syscall_t)sys_serial_read,
                [SYS_serial_write] = (syscall_t)sys_serial_write,
        #endif
-               [SYS_run_binary] = (syscall_t)sys_run_binary,
-       #ifdef __NETWORK__
+       #ifdef __CONFIG_NETWORKING__
                [SYS_eth_read] = (syscall_t)sys_eth_read,
                [SYS_eth_write] = (syscall_t)sys_eth_write,
+               [SYS_eth_get_mac_addr] = (syscall_t)sys_eth_get_mac_addr,
+               [SYS_eth_recv_check] = (syscall_t)sys_eth_recv_check,
        #endif
-               [SYS_reboot] = (syscall_t)reboot,
-               [SYS_fork] = (syscall_t)sys_fork,
-               [SYS_trywait] = (syscall_t)sys_trywait,
-               [SYS_exec] = (syscall_t)sys_exec,
-       #ifdef __sparc_v8__
-               [SYS_frontend] = (syscall_t)frontend_syscall_from_user,
+               // Syscalls serviced by the appserver for now.
                [SYS_read] = (syscall_t)sys_read,
                [SYS_write] = (syscall_t)sys_write,
                [SYS_open] = (syscall_t)sys_open,
                [SYS_close] = (syscall_t)sys_close,
-       #endif
+               [SYS_fstat] = (syscall_t)sys_fstat,
+               [SYS_stat] = (syscall_t)sys_stat,
+               [SYS_lstat] = (syscall_t)sys_lstat,
+               [SYS_fcntl] = (syscall_t)sys_fcntl,
+               [SYS_access] = (syscall_t)sys_access,
+               [SYS_umask] = (syscall_t)sys_umask,
+               [SYS_chmod] = (syscall_t)sys_chmod,
+               [SYS_lseek] = (syscall_t)sys_lseek,
+               [SYS_link] = (syscall_t)sys_link,
+               [SYS_unlink] = (syscall_t)sys_unlink,
+               [SYS_chdir] = (syscall_t)sys_chdir,
+               [SYS_getcwd] = (syscall_t)sys_getcwd,
+               [SYS_gettimeofday] = (syscall_t)sys_gettimeofday,
+               [SYS_tcgetattr] = (syscall_t)sys_tcgetattr,
+               [SYS_tcsetattr] = (syscall_t)sys_tcsetattr
        };
 
        const int max_syscall = sizeof(syscall_table)/sizeof(syscall_table[0]);
 
+       uint32_t coreid, vcoreid;
+       if (systrace_flags & SYSTRACE_ON) {
+               if ((systrace_flags & SYSTRACE_ALLPROC) || (proc_is_traced(p))) {
+                       coreid = core_id();
+                       vcoreid = proc_get_vcoreid(p, core_id());
+                       if (systrace_flags & SYSTRACE_LOUD) {
+                               printk("[%16llu] Syscall %d for proc %d on core %d, vcore %d\n",
+                                      read_tsc(), syscallno, p->pid, coreid, vcoreid);
+                       } else {
+                               struct systrace_record *trace;
+                               unsigned int idx, new_idx;
+                               do {
+                                       idx = systrace_bufidx;
+                                       new_idx = (idx + 1) % systrace_bufsize;
+                               } while (!atomic_comp_swap(&systrace_bufidx, idx, new_idx));
+                               trace = &systrace_buffer[idx];
+                               trace->timestamp = read_tsc();
+                               trace->syscallno = syscallno;
+                               trace->pid = p->pid;
+                               trace->coreid = coreid;
+                               trace->vcoreid = vcoreid;
+                       }
+               }
+       }
+       //printk("Incoming syscall on core: %d number: %d\n    a1: %x\n   "
+       //       " a2: %x\n    a3: %x\n    a4: %x\n    a5: %x\n", core_id(),
+       //       syscallno, a1, a2, a3, a4, a5);
+
        if(syscallno > max_syscall || syscall_table[syscallno] == NULL)
                panic("Invalid syscall number %d for proc %x!", syscallno, *p);
 
@@ -691,7 +1201,7 @@ intreg_t process_generic_syscalls(struct proc *p, size_t max)
         * the *p). */
        // TODO: ought to be unnecessary, if you called this right, kept here for
        // now in case anyone actually uses the ARSCs.
-       proc_incref(p, 1);
+       kref_get(&p->kref, 1);
 
        // max is the most we'll process.  max = 0 means do as many as possible
        while (RING_HAS_UNCONSUMED_REQUESTS(sysbr) && ((!max)||(count < max)) ) {
@@ -721,6 +1231,106 @@ intreg_t process_generic_syscalls(struct proc *p, size_t max)
        }
        // load sane page tables (and don't rely on decref to do it for you).
        lcr3(boot_cr3);
-       proc_decref(p, 1);
+       kref_put(&p->kref);
        return (intreg_t)count;
 }
+
+/* Syscall tracing */
+static void __init_systrace(void)
+{
+       systrace_buffer = kmalloc(MAX_SYSTRACES*sizeof(struct systrace_record), 0);
+       if (!systrace_buffer)
+               panic("Unable to alloc a trace buffer\n");
+       systrace_bufidx = 0;
+       systrace_bufsize = MAX_SYSTRACES;
+       /* Note we never free the buffer - it's around forever.  Feel free to change
+        * this if you want to change the size or something dynamically. */
+}
+
+/* If you call this while it is running, it will change the mode */
+void systrace_start(bool silent)
+{
+       static bool init = FALSE;
+       spin_lock_irqsave(&systrace_lock);
+       if (!init) {
+               __init_systrace();
+               init = TRUE;
+       }
+       systrace_flags = silent ? SYSTRACE_ON : SYSTRACE_ON | SYSTRACE_LOUD; 
+       spin_unlock_irqsave(&systrace_lock);
+}
+
+int systrace_reg(bool all, struct proc *p)
+{
+       int retval = 0;
+       spin_lock_irqsave(&systrace_lock);
+       if (all) {
+               printk("Tracing syscalls for all processes\n");
+               systrace_flags |= SYSTRACE_ALLPROC;
+               retval = 0;
+       } else {
+               for (int i = 0; i < MAX_NUM_TRACED; i++) {
+                       if (!systrace_procs[i]) {
+                               printk("Tracing syscalls for process %d\n", p->pid);
+                               systrace_procs[i] = p;
+                               retval = 0;
+                               break;
+                       }
+               }
+       }
+       spin_unlock_irqsave(&systrace_lock);
+       return retval;
+}
+
+void systrace_stop(void)
+{
+       spin_lock_irqsave(&systrace_lock);
+       systrace_flags = 0;
+       for (int i = 0; i < MAX_NUM_TRACED; i++)
+               systrace_procs[i] = 0;
+       spin_unlock_irqsave(&systrace_lock);
+}
+
+/* If you registered a process specifically, then you need to dereg it
+ * specifically.  Or just fully stop, which will do it for all. */
+int systrace_dereg(bool all, struct proc *p)
+{
+       spin_lock_irqsave(&systrace_lock);
+       if (all) {
+               printk("No longer tracing syscalls for all processes.\n");
+               systrace_flags &= ~SYSTRACE_ALLPROC;
+       } else {
+               for (int i = 0; i < MAX_NUM_TRACED; i++) {
+                       if (systrace_procs[i] == p) {
+                               systrace_procs[i] = 0;
+                               printk("No longer tracing syscalls for process %d\n", p->pid);
+                       }
+               }
+       }
+       spin_unlock_irqsave(&systrace_lock);
+       return 0;
+}
+
+/* Regardless of locking, someone could be writing into the buffer */
+void systrace_print(bool all, struct proc *p)
+{
+       spin_lock_irqsave(&systrace_lock);
+       /* if you want to be clever, you could make this start from the earliest
+        * timestamp and loop around.  Careful of concurrent writes. */
+       for (int i = 0; i < systrace_bufsize; i++)
+               if (systrace_buffer[i].timestamp)
+                       printk("[%16llu] Syscall %d for proc %d on core %d, vcore %d\n",
+                              systrace_buffer[i].timestamp,
+                              systrace_buffer[i].syscallno,
+                              systrace_buffer[i].pid,
+                              systrace_buffer[i].coreid,
+                              systrace_buffer[i].vcoreid);
+       spin_unlock_irqsave(&systrace_lock);
+}
+
+void systrace_clear_buffer(void)
+{
+       spin_lock_irqsave(&systrace_lock);
+       memset(systrace_buffer, 0, sizeof(struct systrace_record)*MAX_NUM_TRACED);
+       spin_unlock_irqsave(&systrace_lock);
+}